The foot is made up of 26 bones, 33 joints, 107 ligaments, 19 muscles and a plethora of tendons. Complex biomechanics keep all these parts in the right position and moving in synchronicity.
- Seven short tarsal bones make up the heel and back of the instep.
- Five metatarsal bones spread from the back of the foot toward front and make up the structure for the ball of the foot. Each metatarsal is associated with one of the toes.
- Fourteen phalanges, small bones, form the toe structure.
- Bands of ligaments connect and hold all the bones in place.
- A thick layer of fatty tissue under the sole helps absorb the pressure and shock that comes from walking and everyday movements.
Given these intricacies, it is not surprising that most people will experience some problem with their feet at some time in their lives.