Infections

An infection occurs when a microorganism enters the body. When the body is unable to expel this on its own, the microorganisms, called pathogens, will find home within the body while multiplying rapidly. Because of the quick progression rate and severity of complications, it is imperative to get any potential infection examined by a medical professional.

Infections can occur after any injury that could allow pathogens to enter the body. In terms of the foot and ankle, infections typically manifest in lacerations, cuts, wounds, or ulcers.

Risk Factors

Patients with underlying conditions (like diabetes), pregnant patients, or patients who have recently undergone a traumatic incident or surgery are at an exceptional risk for not only developing an infection, but not being able to stop the progression soon enough. To avoid severe complications, like amputation or sepsis, get ANY wound examined by a physician before it devolves into an infection.

Symptoms

  • Fever
  • Chills
  • Sweats
  • Swelling surrounding infection site
  • Pus coming from infection site
  • Headache
  • Nausea
  • Vomiting

Treatment

If caught soon enough, treatment could include one or more of the following:

  • Antibiotics
  • An incision and drainage
  • Surgical debridement of dead tissue
  • If the infection gets into the bone, it can require an amputation of the affected area