There are two types of foot fractures: stress fractures and general bone fractures. The biggest difference between the two is how the bone was fractured, and the severity of the fracture. Additionally, an “open fracture” is a classification in which the fracture breaks the skin.
Fractures in the ankle can range from avulsion injuries (small pieces of bone that have been pulled off) to severe shattering breaks of the tibia, fibula, or both. A person may still be able to walk or put weight on their foot with a fractured ankle, but it could cause further damage to the bone.
Foot and ankle fractures can involve one or more bones, as well as injury to the surrounding ligaments, due to the sheer amount of bones located in the lower extremities. There are a wide variety for the causes, but generally speaking the leading cause is trauma-related injury.
Due to the similar symptoms between the two, ankle fractures are often mistaken for ankle sprains, however, these two diagnoses are very different, and require separate courses of action. Due to the common misconceptions of fractures and sprains, all ankle injuries should be examined by a physician.